Gould + Ratner

Human Resources and Employment

Gould & Ratner’s Human Resources and Employment Law Practice advises company management on a broad array of employment matters and state and federal labor laws. We focus our practice on three core disciplines:

  • Employment and benefits counseling
  • Employee training
  • Employment litigation

Our lawyers firmly believe that an “ounce of prevention” is worth far more than the proverbial “pound of cure.” Nearly every issue arising in the human resources arena is best addressed proactively, long before anyone can even contemplate filing a lawsuit or administrative charge.

To that end, our lawyers are not just hired guns representing employers in court, but are a valued and necessary part of the entire human resources life-cycle from:

  • Interviewing
  • Hiring
  • Compensating
  • Packaging benefits
  • Coaching
  • Disciplining
  • Separating from employment

In addition, our lawyers regularly provide advice in areas including, but not limited to:

  • Planned discharge decisions, including assessing risk and compliance with EEO law
  • Impact of labor and employment law issues on mergers and acquisitions
  • Legal compliance audits of human resources practices
  • Layoffs and reductions in force
  • Leave issues under the Family and Medical Leave Act, workers’ compensation law and the Americans with Disabilities Act
  • Requests for reasonable accommodation
  • Drafting and enforcing non-compete, non-solicitation and non-disclosure agreements
  • Investigating harassment complaints
  • Revising and updating employee handbooks
  • Securing I-9 compliance through internal audits
  • Strategies to ensure exemptions from the requirement of paying overtime

Client Counseling

The Human Resources and Employment Law Practice's lawyers have a long history of working closely with their clients’ general counsel and/or human resources professionals to proactively consult on the myriad of employment-related issues presented to companies across the country.

Our team has all the resources needed to help build a “best practices” human resources department and to minimize the risks of facing costly litigation:

  • Consulting on the latest human resources topics
  • Elevating human resources to the “C” suite
  • Drafting executive compensation agreements
  • Designing and drafting employee benefit plans


In line with our goal of focusing on preventative measures that assist employers in reducing exposure to costly employment-related lawsuits, we have developed training and educational programs that can yield significant and measurable savings over costly employment actions and claims.

Our lawyers personally conceive, design and present all of the firm’s employment law training seminars. We believe that, as lawyers, we bring a unique perspective to employment-related training.

We have significant experience in court defending employers against discrimination lawsuits filed by current and former employees, so we have witnessed the successes and the failures employers face in court. The use of practicing lawyers as trainers brings both a real-world understanding and years of practical experience to each and every seminar.

Representative Training Programs

  • Harassment Prevention for Managers and Supervisors
  • Overtime Run Amok? The Basics of Wage and Hour Law
  • Risk Management
  • Supervisory Skills Training 101
  • Diversity and Sensitivity in a Multi-Cultural Workforce

Employment Litigation

Our attorneys represent employers in employment-based lawsuits in state and federal courts across the country and before various federal, state and local governmental agencies. We have litigated a wide variety of employment-related disputes, including:

  • Employment discrimination (national origin, age, disability, etc.)
  • Sexual harassment
  • Workers’ compensation retaliation
  • Enforcement of restrictive covenants
  • Breaches of fiduciary duty
  • Breaches of contract
  • Unfair labor practice charges
  • EEOC charges
  • Wage and hour

HR Blog

As part of our lawyers' commitment to stay on top of ever-changing laws and regulations pertaining to human resource and employment, we regularly post updates on hot topics in employment law on our HR Blog. To view and subscribe to it, click here.


Representative Matters


    Disability Discrimination

  • Sanctions Won: Our lawyers represented a coal mining company in a case in which the plaintiff, a current employee, alleged that she was being unlawfully harassed because of her age and disability and that the company was failing to accommodate her disability. Due to ongoing discovery disputes, the firm filed a motion to compel, which the court granted and in which the court ordered sanctions against the plaintiff’s counsel in an amount equal to the company’s costs in preparing that motion. The case settled shortly thereafter for a release of the company’s right to collect the sanctions.
  • Making Law in the Circuit: We represented a large international employer in a disability discrimination lawsuit filed by a current employee. The employee alleged that the company failed to accommodate her medical condition which required, among other things, frequent bathroom breaks. The firm was able to secure admissions at the plaintiff’s deposition that she believed her performance was far superior to the generally positive ratings she had received from her supervisors. On summary judgment, the employer successfully convinced the court that since self-assessed performance was so overwhelmingly above expectations that she was not entitled to a reasonable accommodation as a matter of law.
  • Moonlighting Proven: Our lawyers represented a coal mining company in a disability discrimination case filed by a current employee. After securing evidence that the employee had been moonlighting while on a claimed medical leave of absence, David Michael was successful in having the case dismissed and in defeating the employee’s request for review (appeal).
  • Retaliatory and Wrongful Discharge

  • Falsifying Medical Records: We represented an aggregate and stone mining company in a retaliatory discharge case. David Michael successfully argued to the appellate court that the plaintiff falsified medical records and failed to establish the company terminated him for any other reason than his failure to return to work after he had recovered from a workers’ compensation injury.
  • Admitting Speculation: Our lawyers represented a truck trailer manufacturer in a retaliatory discharge case brought by a former employee who suffered numerous work-related injuries. At the plaintiff’s deposition, David Michael was able to secure an admission that the plaintiff was simply speculating that the company terminated her employment in retaliation for filing a workers’ compensation claim. Accordingly, the court granted the company’s summary judgment motion.
  • Statute of Frauds: The firm represented a graduate school in child development in a wrongful discharge case. The plaintiff argued that he had been granted a two-year employment contract and was wrongfully terminated only 11 months after it began. The court granted the firm’s motion to dismiss, finding that the alleged employment contract was not in writing and, therefore, was unenforceable under the Statute of Frauds.
  • Other Matters

  • Defamation: In a departure from its normal position as defense counsel, our lawyers successfully represented a long-time friend of the firm in an arbitration case alleging defamation against his prior employer associated with its filing of a false Form U-5. After winning $333,000 in the arbitration, David Michael successfully defended that judgment from attack at the trial court, before the appellate court and in front of the Supreme Court.
  • DOL Action: The firm represented a “turn-around” specialist after several high-ranking former employees sued for compensation and benefits under their employment agreements. David Michael successfully convinced the Department of Labor to dismiss the case.
  • Discrimination: We represented an airline in a race discrimination, workers’ compensation and retaliatory discharge case involving an employee who was terminated for excessive absenteeism. In this case, the court granted summary judgment in favor of the airline. 

    We represented a tool manufacturer in an age discrimination/discharge case. The court granted summary judgment in favor of the company, finding that the plaintiff was unable to produce evidence that the discharge was based upon his age.
  • Misappropriation of Trade Secrets: Paul Carroll and David Michael represented a recruiting company in an action against a former employee for misappropriation of trade secrets, breach of his employment agreement and breach of his fiduciary duty of loyalty. The matter was resolved upon entry of a permanent injunction barring the former employee from utilizing any confidential or trade secret information from his former employer.
  • Wage and Hour Class Claims: David Michael represented an employer in Indiana in a class action brought pursuant to the Indiana Wage Payment law. Using a procedural device under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, the firm was able to resolve the case prior to the certification of class.


Publication Highlight
Illinois Employers Will Face Expansive New Obligations in 2024
Publication Highlight
Amendment Delays Effective Date of Chicago’s New Paid Leave and Paid Sick and Safe Leave Ordinance
The Chicago City Council has passed an amendment to the new Paid Leave and Paid Sick and Safe Leave Ordinance that delays its effective date from December 31, 2023, to July 1, 2024.
Publication Highlight
Cook County’s New Paid Sick Leave Ordinance to Replace Earned Sick Leave
Effective December 31, 2023, Cook County’s new Paid Leave Ordinance will require employers to provide 40 hours of paid leave (i.e., leave that can be used for any reason) during a 12-month period.
Publication Highlight
Judge Enjoins “Equivalent Benefits” Amendment to Illinois Temporary Staffing Agency Law
On March 11, 2024, Judge Thomas M. Durkin of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois granted plaintiffs’ motion for a preliminary injunction prohibiting the Illinois Department of Labor (DOL) from enforcing the “equivalent benefits” portion of Section 42 of the Illinois Day and Temporary Labor Services Act (DTLSA).
Publication Highlight
The FTC vs. Noncompete Agreements: And the Winner Is…??
In an expected but still potentially paradigm-shifting move for employers, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has issued a “Final Rule” banning most noncompete agreements nationwide.
Publication Highlight
Supreme Court Ruling Will Affect Employer Decisions Regarding Mandatory Transfers
The U.S. Supreme Court recently ruled that a mandatory job transfer might be considered an “adverse employment action” under federal anti-discrimination law. Following this decision, which creates a lesser standard for employees bringing discrimination claims, employers can expect more HR and legal involvement in job transfers so as to not run afoul of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The touchstone of our service to clients is translating our legal skill and business experience into practical solutions that work, helping our clients succeed.